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Bibliography

The last 3000 years in the Ría de Vigo (NW Iberian Margin): climatic and hydrographic signals

Diz, P.; Francés, G; Pelejero, C.; Grimalt, J. O.; Vilas, F.
2002
The Holocene
12
3
383-392
The hydrographic evolution of the Ría de Vigo (NW Spain) during the last 3000 years has been reconstructed using benthic foraminiferal assemblages, stable oxygen isotopes, molecular biomarkers and sea-surface temperatures (SST) reconstructed from the UK'37 index. Benthic oxygen isotopes and SST records provide evidence of episodic salinity contrasts between surface and bottom waters. The comparison of SSTs with other climate records for the Northern Hemisphere has allowed the inference of oceanographic and climatic signals, which describe the changes in hydrographic conditions of the ria. In general, two different periods can be recognized. From 975 cal. BC to 1000 cal. AD, the organic carbon is mainly of continental origin, benthic foraminiferal assemblages are typical of environments that are poorly oxygenated, rich in organic matter and dominated by eurihaline taxa. Percentages of planktonic foraminifera are low and SSTs are warmer than today. These data suggest a restricted environment where the exchange with open ocean waters was diminished. At 1000 cal. AD, an important hydrographic change in the ria circulation involved an intensification of coastal upwelling processes as reflected in colder SSTs and increases in the contribution of marine organic carbon and planktonic and opportunistic benthic foraminifera. In these conditions, the sediments of the ria recorded not only local factors but also several well-known Northern Hemisphere climate signals.
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