Paleo-perspectives on ocean acidification

Pelejero, C.; Calvo, E.; Hoegh-Guldberg, O.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
The anthropogenic rise in atmospheric CO2 is driving fundamental and unprecedented changes in the chemistry of the oceans. This has led to changes in the physiology of a wide variety of marine organisms and, consequently, the ecology of the ocean. This review explores recent advances in our understanding of ocean acidification with a particular emphasis on past changes to ocean chemistry and what they can tell us about present and future changes. We argue that ocean conditions are already more extreme than those experienced by marine organisms and ecosystems for millions of years, emphasising the urgent need to adopt policies that drastically reduce CO2 emissions.
Ocean acidification, Great Barrier Reef, Eocene thermal maximum, Modern interdecadal variability, Declining coral calcification, CO2 concentration, Atmospheric CO2, Boron isotopes, Scleractinian corals, Anthropogenic CO2, Climate change, Paleo-pH
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