Diel patterns of oceanic dimethylsufide (DMS) cycling: Microbial and physical drivers_1_1

Galí, M.; Simó, R.; Vila-Costa, M.; Ruiz-González, C.; Gasol, Josep M.; Matrai, P.
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Dimethylsulfide (DMS) is a biogenic gas with potential climatic effects, and its marine emission depends on the interplay between microbial activity and physical forcing in the oceanic upper mixed layer (UML). We investigated the diel cycling patterns of DMS and its precursor dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in four experiments (28 to 48 h long) performed in meso- to ultraoligotrophic Mediterranean and Sargasso Sea waters. Samples taken every 4 or 6 h were analyzed for dimethylated sulfur pools and incubated to measure DMS and DMSP cycling rates, as well as primary and bacterial production. In all four experiments, DMS budgets showed pronounced day vs. night variability. In the three summer experiments, gross community DMS production (GPDMS) increased by 2 to 3-fold from night- to daytime, peaking 0–4 h after solar noon. This excess GPDMS was balanced by higher photochemical and microbial sinks during the day, effectively buffering DMS concentrations. In the only winter experiment, GPDMS exhibited opposed temporal dynamics and peaked at nighttime in parallel to total DMSP consumption. Community DMSP to DMS conversion yields were generally  15% (even > 50%) during the day in summer, presumably due to phytoplankton radiative stress. Our data suggest that (1) diel variability should be taken into account in process studies, diagnostic, and prognostic models of DMS cycling, and (2) the community DMS yield is a key variable that defines characteristic DMS cycling regimes.
DimethylsulfideDimethylsulfoniopropionateMicrobial activityDiel cyclesSolar radiation0488 Sulfur cycling4805 Biogeochemical cycles, processes, and modeling4815 Ecosystems, structure, dynamics, and modeling4840 Microbiology and microbial ec
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